What are Violin Strings Made of Now? | Types of Material

Long ago, Violin strings were made to be with the gut. The use of catgut and sheep gut in the production of string continued until world war 2. But nowadays things change a lot with time and so does the material of violins as well.

We all know that the strings play a role in your music’s notes and tunes. However, this will happen when some good-quality material is in its construction. If you are also interested to know more about what violin strings are made of now, then keep reading. We are going to unveil some of the essential facts here. So let’s begin.

What material is used in the construction of modern violin strings?

Let’s make it simple for you to understand. These days, instead of using animals, manufacturers use metal and steel. These days the core of the strings is made out of synthetic polymers and steel. Later on, the core is wrapped in a wound metal. As we know, metal is a solid material, and the solidity of the material also affects the quality and production of sound.

When the strings were made with the gut, there was no wrapping culture of cord then. But nowadays, you will see high-quality violins in the market that have always wrapped wound metal strings. This wrapping feature affects the sound production from the strings. Many wounding layers will produce a low pitch sound, and fewer wound metal wrapping will result in a high pitch sound.

Changes in the material of the violin strings throughout the history

The material of violin strings changes over the period. Here we’ll look at it in detail.

From 1500 BC: Till 1500 Bc, the most common material used in constructing violin strings was sheep and cow gut strings. Musicians preferred it for its historic and rich tone characteristics,

From 1700 to 1900: The manufacturers used wound gut core strings to produce stable pitch sound with warm tones.

From 1900 to 1940: The steel core strings were famous from the 19th century to the middle. They are considered more durable and produce a bright sound. Furthermore, the steel core strings were best for great pitch sound.

From 1940 to 1970, the standard core strings were popular in the market during these thirty years. People have to choose them due to the volume and brilliance of the sound.

1970 to 1990: synthetic core strings became popular in the industry. They produce a warm tone and stable pitch sound.

1990 to Now: The industry grows with synthetic and rich gut strings. Nowadays, steel and synthetic strings are more popular. They offer excellent response time and more durability.

What are different types of materials for the core of violin strings?

If you are in the market and you get to encounter different types of strings in the market, then don’t get confused. It is good to learn about different kinds of strings and know which you should choose or not.

Gut strings

The first type of material used in string production is the gut material. The gut strings were famous and a choice for classical violinists who love to produce complex and warm tones. Back then, violin strings used catgut and sheep intestines. The gut material often got wrapped in copper and silver wire. However, you should know that gut material is not prevalent today.

Modern violinists do not prefer this type of material. Moreover, the gut strings also change in humidity and different weather conditions. You will also have to spend some time in its settlement and maintenance than other string types.

Metal strings

The most preferred and perfect choice of violins is the metal string. They have often termed steel strings. They are considered an excellent material for producing complete and bright sound.

When we compare it with gut string material, you can get a more stable and extended pitch. As we said, gut strings are a more preferred type for the classical violinist. The steel strings are the choice of jazz and folk musicians. The folk and jazz musicians choose it for its durability, bright and full sound stable pitch.

Synthetic strings

Synthetic strings are the choice of beginner violin as they are easy to play. It offers a quick response time and is considered excellent for anyone new to learning. Synthetic strings are not as durable as metal strings and are not the preferred type for the professional and experienced violinist.

Synthetic strings consist of composite materials of any high-quality nylon material. Their synthetic string’s sound quality will be more stable and bright. Moreover, they are straightforward to maintain and don’t need to be upkeep as the gut strings.

What type of material is used in the string finishing?

Let’s have a look at some of the materials used for the finishing of strings. We know about the material of the core of string now. What about the material used in violin string coating? These are the list of finishes that the manufacturers use in string winding.

  • Aluminum
  • Silver
  • Gold
  • Titanium
  • Tungsten
  • Chrome steel
  • Nickel
  • Aluminum alloy
  • Tin
  • Chromium nickel steel.


Are violin strings made of cat guts?

No catgut string is usually made from sheep, cow gut, and human skin. The use of the just started because when the string gets pulled from both ends, it becomes dried, stretched, and twisted. As a result, it produces a vibrant, expressive, and resonant sound.

Are violin strings made of nylon?

Yes, there is the use of high-tech nylon in the synthetic strings. Nylon strings come under synthetic strings and are the choice of many professional violinists—the nylon material is considered more durable than gut strings. Beginners usually choose it for its richness of expression and instant response.

What are the professional quality violin strings made of?

High-quality violin models use premium quality steel material in their construction. The premium quality violin strings come with wrapped metal material and steel. Moreover, these strings are considered more durable and high quality.

Are gut strings still made?

Yes, many classical music violinists and fiddlers love instruments made with gut strings. We can not say they are the preferred type. However, manufacturers still make gut strings and use them in violins, guitars, and rackets.


From the time instruments started to use as their shape evolved, the material in their construction also changed with time. In the beginning, the violin strings in history were made by sheep.

Intestine. From that time, there were steel, synthetic, and many other types on the market. Each string material has its specific characteristics. For instance, classical professionals considered gut strings to produce a more warm sound. The Folk and jazz professionals preferred steel strings for excellent response and high pitch sound. So you should identify which one from the material best suits your needs. Throughout your learning journey, you will find it easy to identify the perfect sound that suits your style.

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